New Objectivity Art
The New Objectivity Art (Neue Sachlichkeit) emerged as a challenge to expressionism as a style in Germany in the 1920s. As its name implies, it provided a return to unnecessary reality and a focus on the objective world, as opposed to the very concise, romantic, or ideological tendencies of expressionism. This style is often associated with portraiture, and its leading coaches include Max Beckman, Otto Dix, and George Cross. Their ruthless depictions of nature, sometimes reminiscent of the subtle processes of old masters, often portrayed a Weimar society in a satirical manner.
The style’s name comes from a groundbreaking exhibition organized by curator Gustav Hartlaub in Mannheim in 1925. Hartlaub’s original title for the exhibition was Post-Expressionism.