Art Deco Style (1925-1940)
A creative but short-lived movement, Art Deco not only affected the architecture of most American cities but also had an impact on fashion, art, and furniture. From 1925 to 1940, Americans embraced Art Deco as a refreshing transition from its earlier selective and Renaissance sensibilities. The style derives its name from the 1925 Exposition International des Arts Decor in Paris as a visual object for new inspiration. Style is basically one of the decorations used. The buildings were decorated with hard-edged, minimal relief designs: geometric shapes including chevrons and ziggurats; And stylized floral and sunrise patterns. Patterns and decorations inspired by Native American artwork are among the main types of Art Deco dictionary.
While some buildings use expensive hand-crafted decor, others are made with machine-made repeat decorations. To reduce costs, decorative treatment is often limited to the most visible areas of the building. Art Deco projects have created dynamic collaborations between architects, painters, sculptors, and designers — sometimes resulting in complete Art Deco contexts such as Old Miami Beach, Florida. In its day, some called Art Deco modern or Art Modern, which was used to describe the most advanced design ideas until the end of the Second World War in the 1930s. Being close relatives, Art Deco and Art Modern shared plucked patterns. But Art Modern was more horizontal than vertical emphasis, more rounded than angular corners, and smaller surface decoration. Art Deco was first used for public and commercial buildings in the 1920s. Although individual homes are rarely designed in the Art Deco style, architects and developers, especially in Greater Washington, D.C., have found this style to be ideal for apartment buildings. Most of these buildings are still in use, a testament to the city’s rich diverse architectural history.
For all its punches, Art Deco is very practical in execution. For projects on a tight budget, the simple box can be embellished with themes and the conceptual base structure can be embellished with appendages to make it look fashionable and up-to-date. Visual interest can be further enhanced by extending linear shapes horizontally and vertically throughout the building. It was often made of brick, canopies, or copies. The Washington Deco, written by Hans Weirs and Richard Strainer in 1984, lists more than 400 Art Deco buildings in the Washington area. Two examples are on Capitol Hill: the former Grease Store on 666 Pennsylvania Avenue SE, built-in 1936, recently expanded (the Art Deco-style fries on the facade of the building were part of a renovation of the building in the 1980s; taken from the 1930s); And the Ben Theater at 650 Pennsylvania Avenue SE, built-in 1935. Although the Ben Theater was demolished, a part of the marquee and fa முகade were incorporated into the new building. Additional examples from Washington Art Deco 3133 Connecticut Avenue N.W. Kennedy-Warren apartments in New York Avenue N.E. Identification of the former Greyhound bus terminal in.
In Classic Art Deco, rectangular block shapes were often set in a geometric style and then broken by curved decorative elements. But there was always a single look with the decorative tools used for the purpose.
Art Deco materials include stucco, concrete, soft-faced stone and terracotta. Steel and aluminum were often used with glass blocks and decorative opaque glass (vitrolite).
Art Deco designers decorated flat roofs with structures such as parades, spears or towers. Decorative interests such as chimneys were added to further enhance the design.
Windows usually appear as square or circular perforated openings. To maintain a streamlined look for the building, they were often set in a series of horizontal mirrors. Wall openings are sometimes filled with decorative glass or glass blocks, creating a contrast of solid and vacuum patterns when acknowledging daylight hours. Many large apartment buildings had aesthetic success with decorative engraved spandrel panels placed below the windows. Kennedy-Warren apartments are an example.
The doors are sometimes surrounded by elaborate pilasters and pediments, and the door circuits are often decorated with readings (a convex decoration) or flute (a concave decoration). The quality and quantity of decorative tools will vary by plan and designer.